Rights of Citizen

The rights of citizens have been codified in the Law, and include the following:

  • In a case of cognizable offence, arrests will normally be made without warrant of arrest.
  • When an arrest is made, the police officer apprehending the person will bear clear identification by way of name tags designation etc. Police may use force, if warranted, while making the arrest, however, will protect the dignity of the arrested person. For instance, there will be no public display or parading of the arrested persons(s).
  • The Police officer, arresting the person will prepare a memo of the arrest, which will be got attested by a witness available at the site. Importantly, the arrested person will be granted access to contact his relatives and lawyers.
  • When children and juveniles are required to be arrested, Police will bestow special care to avoid any force whatever. Further, one or more respectable citizens of the locality will be associated on such occasions to ensure that minimal coercion is employed and that they are not frightened.
  • Women & children below 15 years of age are entitled to refuse to go to the Police Station from their place of residence, if they are summoned from a Police Station.
  • The arrested persons will be produced in the jurisdictional courts within 24 hours of the arrest. Further, interrogations of the accused will be in consonance with the recognized rights to life, dignity and protection against torture and degrading treatments.
  • An arrested person remanded to the Police custody by the Court has to be examined by a government doctor and a Medical Certificate obtained. Articles, which are seized from the arrested person, will be produced before the court and the person could reclaim only under the orders of the court.