Chikballapura district is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. On 10 September 2007, it was carved out of the pre-existing Kolar district which was the fourth largest district(before bifurcation) of Karnataka by moving the talukas of Gauribidanur, Gudibanda, Bagepalli, Chikballapur, Sidlaghatta and Chintamani into the new district. Kannada is the official and most widely spoken language.
In the regional language, Kannada, the city is pronounced Chikkaballapura. “Chikka” in Kannada means “small”, while “balla” means the measure to quantify food grains, and “pura” means “town”. Thus, it is a place where people used to use small measures to quantify the food grains in ancient times. The place has always been known as an agricultural center for the region.
Chikkaballapura is the district headquarters of Chikkaballapura district and a key transport link in the North Bangalore area. The city is located within 3 km of Muddenahalli (the birthplace of eminent engineer and statesman Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya). The north-south six-lane National Highway 44 (NH-44) as well as the East-West Highway 69 go through the district. A rail line runs north from Bangalore to the town of Chikballapur, east past Doddaganjur to Srinivaspur and south to the town of Kolar. It is a regional transport and educational hub, and is a major site for grape, grain, and silk cultivation. With recent development, it is widely believed that Chikkaballapura will become part of “Greater Bangalore.”